University of Ioannina, PC 45110, Greece
+30 26510 07436

Course objective: Medical Physics encompasses a wide spectrum of applications of Physics in Medicine. The main goal of the course is to provide scientific information with respect to the physical laws that underline the function of the human body and organs, as well as the methods used for the diagnosis and therapy of disease.

Course Syllabus:

  • Biological Mechanics: Basic concepts and biomedical applications, Kinematics, Static dynamics, Momentum, Energy, Oscillations, Waves, Pressure, Acoustic, Ultrasonic, Biomaterials, Tissue engineering, Biological fluid mechanics, Prosthetics, Artificial limbs.
  • Optics: Basic elements of optics, Reflective phenomena - refraction and medical applications (optical fibers - endoscopes), Physics of eye and vision, Optical microscopy, Electron microscopy, Optical spectroscopy, medical applications of visible, infrared and ultraviolet radiation as well as interactions with biological tissues, Lasers in Medicine: principles - applications.
  • Bioelectricity: Electrical properties of cells, Electrical properties of nerve and muscle cells, Tissue electrical properties, Bioelectric potentials, Medical instrumentation, Biomagnetic potentials, Clinical applications of electricity, Hazards of Electricity - Electrical safety.
  • Heat – Cold: Thermodynamics of biological systems, Heat balance in the human body, Biological effects of heat and cold, Use of heat and cold in medicine, Cryosurgery – cryotherapy.
  • Radiation Physics - Medical Imaging: Structure of atoms, Radioactivity, X-rays, Accelerators, Interaction of ionizing radiation with matter, Radiation dosimetry, Radiation detectors, Physics of Radiology, Physics of Nuclear Medicine, Physics of Radiation Therapy, Radiobiology, Radiation Protection, MRI and ultrasound Imaging

Laboratory Exercises: Electrocardiograph and Electrocardiogram, Blood pressure and its measurement - Biological Signal Processing, Generation and Detection of Sound and Ultrasound, Microscope - Image Analysis, Physical Principles of Imaging Procedures, Physical Principles of Radiation Protection, Bernoulli's Principle with reference to the Cardiovascular System, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Energy (work and heat)

Forms of teaching: Class lectures 80 h, laboratory exercises 30 h. Class meets on Mondays and Wednesdays 12-2 pm and Fridays 10-12 am. Labs are on Mondays and Tuesdays 3:30-8:00 pm

Hours of training per student: 140

Semester: 4th